What is Wormhole? Powering blockchain's interoperability

How can blockchain technology evolve to seamlessly connect different chains? Wormhole, the cross-chain messaging protocol, is leading the way towards this reality with the help of its native token, W. The technology connects different blockchain networks to support the safer and seamless transfer of data and tokens across networks.

Wormhole streamlines the complexities of interoperability through its various protocols and tools, providing developers with a smoother process for creating multi-chain applications. Whether you aim to broaden your project's scope or are intrigued by the potential of blockchain connectivity, Wormhole serves as a bridge to a more seamless and effective blockchain community.


  • Cross-chain transfers: Wormhole allows for smooth transfers of tokens and data between different blockchain networks, creating a more interconnected digital asset space.

  • Secure messaging and NTT: The tool provides a secure means of data communication and enables native token transfers (NTT), maintaining the unique properties of tokens (such as voting and staking) on various chains.

  • Wormhole's 'W' token: Acts as the foundation for managing governance, fees, and rewards in the network, highlighting Wormhole's transformation into a versatile platform that links more than 30 blockchains.

  • Data queries and developer tools: This improves the ability to retrieve data and allows for cross-platform development through effective, security-verified data searches and a wide range of developer tools.

  • Ecosystem and security: The Wormhole ecosystem is protected by Guardian nodes and backed by the Wormhole Foundation, creating a decentralized space for building multi-chain applications. The ecosystem places a strong emphasis on community-based creativity and management.

What are Wormhole's core protocols?

The core protocols of Wormhole are cleverly crafted to streamline the complexities of cross-chain transactions, providing a robust set of resources for blockchain developers. At the center of Wormhole's services lie its protocols for transferring data or tokens between chains, providing secure communication, and enabling native token transfers (NTT). Each function plays a distinct role in promoting blockchain interoperability.

Cross-Chain transfers

Wormhole supports the seamless transfer of tokens and data across different blockchain networks. This enables applications to operate beyond the confines of a single blockchain, accessing a wider variety of tokens, assets, and data from various chains. This cross-chain capability breaks down barriers between isolated blockchain ecosystems, helping create a more interconnected and efficient digital asset environment.

Secure messaging

One crucial element of Wormhole's design is its secure messaging system. This system protects data as it's transmitted across blockchains, guaranteeing compatibility and preserving confidentiality and accuracy throughout the entire network. This high level of security is crucial for applications that need dependable and confidential communication channels across diverse blockchain systems.

NTT for token multichain functionality

Wormhole's NTT protocol allows tokens to maintain their original features when transferred between different blockchains. This means that a token created on one blockchain can still be used on another, with all its inherent properties, such as voting and staking abilities, intact. This feature is essential for projects that aim to broaden their scope while maintaining the distinctiveness and usefulness of their tokens.

The purpose of Wormhole's protocols isn't limited to connecting assets. They aim to establish a smoother, more effective, and safer blockchain environment. By allowing for the transfer of assets and data between different blockchains, Wormhole is helping lead the way towards a future of blockchain interoperability, where developers can construct genuinely decentralized applications (DApps) that draw from the strengths of multiple blockchains. This could be a game-changer for developing DApps, as it opens up new possibilities for functionality, user reach, and innovation in the blockchain space.

What is the role of Wormhole's native token, W?

The Wormhole network operates thanks to its own token, known simply as W, which plays a crucial role in the ecosystem. The token is responsible for governance, fees, and rewards, which are all essential for the platform to function effectively and securely. Initially designed to link Ethereum and Solana, Wormhole has evolved into a comprehensive interoperability platform that can accommodate over 30 blockchains and allow communication between over 200 applications.

The total amount of W tokens available is capped at 10 billion, and 1.8 billion tokens are in circulation at the time of writing. The cryptocurrency uses both ERC-20 and SPL technologies, demonstrating its ability to operate across multiple blockchains. A sizable portion (82%) of W tokens will be held in reserve and gradually released over four years, showcasing a solid dedication to the platform's development and sustainability.

The tokenomics of W include distribution to strategic stakeholders such as Guardian Nodes, community and launch initiatives, core contributors, ecosystem and incubation efforts, strategic network participants, and the foundation treasury. These allocations encourage the active participation of various ecosystem players in the network's governance and development.

Key functions of the W token include:

  • Supporting governance across the network.

  • Enabling owners to engage in crucial choices like incorporating or removing blockchain links.

  • Enhancing smart contracts.

  • Altering fees.

  • Growing the guardian set — a group of distributed nodes that monitor the state of several blockchains.

  • Impacting token usage and structure.

How does Wormhole support data queries?

Wormhole supports on-demand blockchain data queries by leveraging a "pull" mechanism, which allows developers to access guardian-attested on-chain data efficiently and at reduced costs. This represents a significant evolution from the traditional "push" attestation model, which was more expensive and slower due to the need for explicit smart contract calls for data access across chains. Wormhole Queries significantly decrease the time delay to less than one second and lower expenses by 84% for accessing data across different blockchains. This is a significant enhancement in the productivity and operational effectiveness of DApps.

The procedure includes sending query requests to the Wormhole Guardian network, which handles these requests and provides verified outcomes. This mechanism allows for quick, safe, and economical data retrieval across different chains, supported by the reliable security approach used by prominent blockchain projects such as the Uniswap Foundation.

The ability to batch requests further enhances efficiency, demonstrating Wormhole's commitment to simplifying cross-chain development and reducing the gas fees associated with such operations. Wormhole Queries introduces potential new opportunities for DApps, as the tool allows DApps to retrieve data from various blockchains more easily. This feature can be applied to various situations, such as obtaining cross-chain price updates for decentralized finance (DeFi) apps, verifying assets for games, and implementing universal cross-chain digital identities.

What are NTT frameworks?

NTT frameworks represent a groundbreaking approach to enhancing token interoperability and making any token natively multi-chain. NTT allows for the creation and transfer of native multi-chain tokens easily. These tokens retain their ownership and upgradeability across different blockchain ecosystems, addressing the critical challenge of token interoperability within the rapidly expanding multi-chain universe.

The open and flexible framework of NTT is important because it allows for smooth token transfers between supported chains while preserving the tokens original characteristics on each chain. As a result, users can have a cohesive experience across multiple chains without relying on liquidity pools, leading to lower fees, slippage, and MEV risks.

NTT also supports broad composability and integrator flexibility, allowing projects to maintain ownership, upgrade authority, and customizability of their tokens. Integrating token contracts, standards, or protocol governance processes is crucial to a project's success.

Meanwhile, NTT applies the security and efficiency of Wormhole to integrate advanced security measures like access controls, pausing, configurable rate-limiting, and a global balance accounting integrity checker. This strong security framework guarantees the secure and dependable movement of tokens between various blockchain networks.

The framework accommodates various token deployments, offering solutions for both new tokens and existing ones. It facilitates a pure multi-chain burn-and-mint approach for new tokens, where tokens are burned on the source chain and minted on the destination chain. This feature allows NTT to enable the transfer of existing tokens by locking them on the original chain and creating a new custom token on the receiving chain. This versatility enables NTT to cater to the specific needs of various projects, ultimately improving the compatibility and capabilities of tokens within the blockchain network.

In the broader context of blockchain technology and DeFi, the move towards native token transfers marks a significant evolution. In the past, wrapped tokens enabled transfers between different blockchains. However, drawbacks do exist, such as dividing liquidity and creating inconsistent token behavior on various chains.

NTTs address these issues by preserving a token's unique characteristics and governance controls, regardless of the chain they're transferred to. This new approach simplifies development, improves usability, and supports the growth of a more interconnected, user-friendly DeFi environment.

What solutions does Wormhole offer?

The Wormhole platform provides advanced solutions for integrating different blockchains by allowing smooth communication and compatibility among various blockchain systems. It's highly regarded for its cross-chain solid messaging protocol, which makes it possible to securely and effectively transfer tokens, information, and even NFTs between different chains.

Wormhole leverages a network of Guardian nodes, a group of highly secure validator nodes, to oversee and validate cross-chain transactions. By incorporating Guardians, which consist of highly reputable validators in the blockchain industry, the design guarantees that transfers are both trustless and permissionless. This method also provides protection against security risks, reinforcing the platform's decentralized nature.

Wormhole's versatility extends beyond simple asset transfers. It supports a variety of blockchain networks, therefore offering developers the flexibility to build DApps that can operate across multiple chains. By allowing for cross-chain governance and multi-chain liquidity pools, the feature enhances the DApp ecosystem and broadens the range of operations and potential users for Web3 applications.

Wormhole stands out for its dedication to both security and innovation. The platform has undergone thorough security evaluations, including a comprehensive review by Uniswap's Bridge Assessment Committee, which confirmed its technical structure and operational safety measures without any restrictions. This recognition highlights Wormhole's reputation as a dependable and secure option for cross-chain deployments.

The Wormhole Foundation is pivotal in nurturing the ecosystem, offering grants and support for research and development efforts to advance blockchain interoperability technologies. The foundation aims to empower a diverse group of developers and innovators to fully explore the possibilities of cross-chain integration through open-source and decentralized solutions.

Wormhole addresses the integration challenges the blockchain industry faces by providing a secure, efficient, and developer-friendly platform for cross-chain communication. The technology allows for the exchange of assets between various blockchains, paving the way for a connected network of blockchain applications and advancing the goal of a fully integrated Web3 environment.

Who makes up the Wormhole ecosystem?

The Wormhole ecosystem is a sophisticated and dynamic network that provides the foundation for safe and effective communication between blockchains. At its core, Wormhole has a distinctive ability to enable the exchange of messages, tokens, governance choices, and even NFTs across various blockchain systems. This technology is essential to a growing range of applications and services, making it a fundamental aspect of Web3. The ecosystem is made up of several key components.

Developers and developer resources

The Wormhole ecosystem relies heavily on developers, who apply its open-source platforms and tools to produce diverse cross-chain applications. Resources such as detailed documentation, SDKs, and APIs are readily available to support the development of applications that can interact seamlessly across blockchains.

Blockchains and multichain apps

With its wide range of compatibility across more than 30 blockchains such as Ethereum, Solana, and BNB Smart Chain, Wormhole allows for the hosting of diverse multichain applications within the decentralized ecosystem. This inclusive support boosts liquidity and grants users greater accessibility to various DeFi platforms and NFT marketplaces.

Projects and community initiatives

Numerous projects within the Wormhole ecosystem exemplify its utility across different blockchain use cases. Some examples include Synonym and Raydium, which provide cross-chain trading and liquidity through DeFi solutions, and gaming platforms that take advantage of Wormhole for NFT interoperability. Community initiatives further enrich the ecosystem, fostering collaboration, innovation, and growth among users and developers alike.

The Wormhole Foundation

The Wormhole Foundation plays a pivotal role in the ecosystem, focusing on the research and development of blockchain interoperability technologies. The foundation promotes secure, open-source, and decentralized product development in the Wormhole ecosystem. Its leadership consists of knowledgeable individuals from the crypto space and traditional business industries, all with a focus on connecting the decentralized internet seamlessly.

Security and governance

The foundation of Wormhole's structure is a distributed system of Guardian nodes, which authenticate and verify messages that flow through the system. This guarantees a strong level of protection and reliability for the cross-platform transfers Wormhole's technology enables.

The final word

Wormhole represents an interesting advancement for blockchain technology. The project seamlessly links disparate networks to support the transfer of data and tokens. Wormhole's sophisticated protocols simplify the complexities of interoperability, enabling developers to create expansive multi-chain applications. This breakthrough not only enhances liquidity and asset accessibility but could also encourage a new variety of DApps that can leverage the strengths of diverse blockchains.

Wormhole's main features, which include cross-chain transfers, secure messaging, and NTTs, help to provide safe and effective cross-chain communication. Meanwhile, the W governance token is crucial in upholding the platform's decentralized governance system, demonstrating Wormhole's dedication to a cohesive Web3 community.

Wormhole is leading us towards a future where the lines between blockchain systems become blurred, prompting us to consider the consequences of this interconnectedness. How will this seamless connectivity transform digital asset management and the broader Web3 ecosystem?

本文章可能包含不適用於您所在地區的產品相關內容。本文僅致力於提供一般性信息,不對其中的任何事實錯誤或遺漏負責任。本文僅代表作者個人觀點,不代表 OKX 的觀點。 本文無意提供以下任何建議,包括但不限於:(i) 投資建議或投資推薦;(ii) 購買、出售或持有數字資產的要約或招攬;或 (iii) 財務、會計、法律或稅務建議。 持有的數字資產(包括穩定幣和 NFTs)涉及高風險,可能會大幅波動,甚至變得毫無價值。您應根據自己的財務狀況仔細考慮交易或持有數字資產是否適合您。有關您具體情況的問題,請諮詢您的法律/稅務/投資專業人士。本文中出現的信息(包括市場數據和統計信息,如果有)僅供一般參考之用。儘管我們在準備這些數據和圖表時已採取了所有合理的謹慎措施,但對於此處表達的任何事實錯誤或遺漏,我們不承擔任何責任。OKX Web3 功能,包括 OKX Web3 錢包和 OKX NFT 市場都受 www.okx.com 單獨的服務條款約束。
© 2023 OKX。本文可以全文複製或分發,也可以使用本文 100 字或更少的摘錄,前提是此類使用是非商業性的。整篇文章的任何複製或分發亦必須突出說明:“本文版權所有 © 2023 OKX,經許可使用。”允許的摘錄必須引用文章名稱並包含出處,例如“文章名稱,[作者姓名(如適用)],© 2023 OKX”。不允許對本文進行衍生作品或其他用途。