What is ERC-7579? Exploring the new standard for enhanced smart account interoperability

ERC-7579 has arrived with a promise to fine-tune existing standards, primarily ERC-6900, for a simpler and more supportive user and developer experience. At the same time, ERC-7579 aims to compliment ERC-4337's account abstraction capabilities, bringing fresh opportunities to the space.

In this article, we'll explain what ERC-7579 is, its advantages and challenges, and explore what the future might hold for the standard.


  • Collaborative effort: ERC-7579 was created by Rhinestone, Biconomy, ZeroDev, and OKX to improve blockchain standards and overcome the limitations of ERC-6900 for smart accounts.

  • Standardization for interoperability: ERC-7579 improves interoperability for decentralized applications (DApps) by introducing a standardized set of interfaces for smart accounts and modules. This contrasts with ERC-6900's more rigid and complex approach.

  • Enhanced user and developer experience: By allowing seamless integration of modules across various smart account platforms, ERC-7579 simplifies the development process, fosters innovation, and provides users with a more secure and efficient experience, leveraging the account abstraction features of ERC-4337.

  • Future outlook and innovation: The future potential for ERC-7579 modular smart accounts is strong, with intentions to create a decentralized store for modules and prioritize teamwork in development. Account abstraction technology could also be adopted to increase the ease of use and accessibility of blockchain.

  • Comparative advantage: The ERC-7579 method improves standardization and promotes innovation across the blockchain community by addressing fragmentation and uniformity issues caused by previous standards like ERC-6900. It also enables greater modularity in developing smart accounts.

What is ERC-7579?

The development of ERC-7579 involved the collaboration of Rhinestone, Biconomy, ZeroDev, and OKX, as together we joined forces to address a shared issue in the blockchain world: the complicated and inflexible nature of current standards, specifically ERC-6900. The partnership was announced on February 20, 2024, and will see ERC-7579 rolled out across OKX products to help drive industry-wide innovation.

Although ERC-6900 made progress in developing modular smart accounts, ERC-7579 takes things a step further by aiming for a simpler yet still effective approach. This involved standardizing only the essential interfaces for smart accounts and modules, allowing developers to be more creative without strict limitations.

So, why the buzz around ERC-7579? The blockchain industry urgently required a universal standard to decrease division and enhance the ability for smart accounts to work together. Before the creation of ERC-7579, each smart account functioned independently, causing difficulties for developers to create modules that were compatible with different systems.

ERC-7579 changed the game by allowing modules designed for one smart account to effortlessly integrate with another, creating a seamless and user-friendly experience across different DApps.

Additionally, ERC-7579 doesn't operate independently but works in conjunction with ERC-4337, a standard that prioritizes account abstraction. This collaboration allows smart accounts to provide a range of sophisticated functions, such as automated transactions and personalized permissions, while maintaining a consistent user experience across DApps.

For those eager to explore the nuts and bolts of ERC-7579 and its implications for the future of blockchain technology, engaging with developer forums like Ethereum Magicians and following the latest discussions on GitHub can offer a wealth of insights and updates.

How does ERC-7579 enhance modular smart account interoperability?

Modular smart accounts are designed to provide users and developers with a versatile and adaptable structure. This allows for including or excluding features (modules) based on the user's or the application's requirements.

However, before the development of ERC-7579, the absence of a standardized protocol resulted in modules created for one smart account being incompatible with others, resulting in a disjointed and troublesome experience.

ERC-7579 addresses this challenge head-on by defining a minimal and standardized set of interfaces and behaviors for smart accounts and their modules.

Following the ERC-7579 specifications, modules can seamlessly integrate into various smart account implementations. This is similar to establishing a common language that all smart accounts can understand, making the development process more accessible and increasing the likelihood of mainstream adoption.

Meanwhile, ERC-7579's alignment with ERC-4337 for account abstraction is crucial to its success. This synergy between standards means smart accounts can interact more efficiently with various DApps and offer users a consistent and intuitive experience, regardless of the underlying technology.

Users benefit from a more secure and versatile digital wallet, supporting a wide range of functions from automated transactions to customized permissions, all while easily navigating different services.

What are the benefits of ERC-7579 for developers and users?

Integrating ERC-7579 into the blockchain system offers a range of advantages for both developers and users, representing a major advancement towards a more cohesive, streamlined, and user-centric blockchain encounter. Here are some of the main benefits:

For developers

  • Simplified integration process: ERC-7579 provides a consistent structure for modular smart accounts, simplifying the process for developers to incorporate and launch new modules on various platforms without encountering compatibility problems.

  • Fosters innovation: By providing a standard set of rules, developers are motivated to come up with new ideas within an organized system, allowing for the development of fresh features and components that can easily communicate with different smart accounts.

  • Streamlined development workflow: By eliminating the need to customize modules for different smart account implementations, developers can redirect their efforts from tackling technical challenges to emphasizing the creative elements of module development.

If you want to learn more about how ERC-7579 works, read our technical introduction.

For users

  • Improved security: Standardization minimizes the risk of security flaws commonly arising from incompatible or poorly integrated modules. Users benefit from a safer blockchain experience, as ERC-7579 makes sure that all modules adhere to a set of security guidelines.

  • Enhanced efficiency: The ease of integrating modules means that users can enjoy faster transaction times and reduced costs. ERC-7579's compatibility with ERC-4337 further optimizes the efficiency of account operations and gas usage.

  • Customization and extension of functionalities: With various modules, users can personalize their smart accounts and improve their overall experience. This can range from automating transactions and controlling permissions to integrating innovative features. Through ERC-7579, users are given the freedom to customize their digital wallet according to their specific requirements.

How does ERC-7579 compare to other standards like ERC-6900?

In April 2023, Alchemy released ERC-6900, the initial proposal to establish a standard for modularity in smart accounts. This proposal outlined specific guidelines for creating plugins (modules) and managing them within compliant accounts.

ERC-7579 introduces a minimal and standardized approach for modular smart accounts, enhancing their interoperability across decentralized applications and services. It aims to create a common standard that improves compatibility and flexibility.

Design approach and scope

  • The ERC-7579 standard takes a simple approach by concentrating on establishing basic interfaces for smart accounts and modules. This promotes more adaptability and creativity without enforcing strict demands.

  • On the other hand, ERC-6900 is more prescriptive, providing a detailed outline of acceptable account conduct, restricting the ability to balance complexity and security.

Compliance and interoperability

  • The need to adhere to ERC-4337 primarily inspired ERC-7579, specifically emphasizing user actions and account abstraction. This facilitates smooth integration and reduces division within the smart account community.

  • The goal of both standards is to improve modularity and interoperability. However, ERC-7579 aims explicitly to address the individual difficulties that arise with each smart account implementation by offering universally accepted module implementations.

Implications for the ecosystem

  • ERC-7579 promotes a standardized module structure that can be applied to different smart account implementations. This promotes improved security and efficiency by involving the community in solving common problems and optimizing gas consumption.

  • Although ERC-6900 is crucial in establishing a modular approach, ERC-7579 offers a versatile design that aims to lower obstacles to creativity and create new use cases. It achieves this by providing a more flexible framework for smart account features.

Ecosystem synergy

  • ERC-7579 streamlines module development and promotes a community-oriented environment for smart account providers.

  • Community feedback significantly influenced the development of ERC-7579, highlighting its role in addressing real-world needs and fostering a collaborative ecosystem.

What challenges does ERC-7579 address with smart accounts?

ERC-7579 aims to tackle obstacles in the smart account ecosystem — an essential aspect of the blockchain and crypto space. Smart accounts are upgraded versions of standard blockchain accounts that can perform automatic transactions and interact with smart contracts based on specific conditions. Although they have many benefits, the creation and implementation of smart accounts have encountered significant challenges, which ERC-7579 seeks to resolve.

One of the primary challenges ERC-7579 addresses is fragmentation within the smart account ecosystem. Fragmentation occurs when several implementations of smart accounts are incompatible on various blockchain platforms. This diversity can hinder interoperability, as each platform may have its own set of rules and protocols for smart accounts, leading to inefficiencies and increased complexity for developers and users alike. The goal of ERC-7579 is to create a unified system for smart accounts to promote a more connected community. This will allow for effortless communication and transfer of smart contracts and applications between different platforms.

Another significant challenge is the lack of standardization. Developers encounter challenges in producing applications that can function with various types of smart accounts due to the lack of universal standards, leading to replicated work and a divided industry. As a result, one goal of ERC-7579 is to create a uniform method for smart accounts, allowing them to function seamlessly throughout the Ethereum network. This standardization would decrease the time and expenses involved in development and improve user satisfaction by offering more dependable and consistent interactions with smart contracts.

Meanwhile, ERC-7579 effectively tackles the obstacles surrounding the creation and integration of modules. The current landscape frequently poses significant obstacles for developers seeking to develop and integrate fresh modules or features into established smart accounts. Some obstacles that may arise include technological constraints, insufficient documentation, and problems with interoperability. ERC-7579 promotes innovation and streamlines the process of incorporating new functionalities into smart accounts by introducing a flexible and expandable framework. Developers can easily contribute to the ecosystem using this approach, which leads to a variety of applications and services for users.

What's the future of modular smart accounts with ERC-7579?

The future direction of ERC-7579 in blockchain development is multifaceted and focused on expanding DApps through a more adaptable and user-friendly framework.

One important aspect of this development is the planned module store, a decentralized platform where developers can exchange and obtain modular capabilities, similar to a "plugin store" for smart contracts.

By providing a conducive environment, the ERC-7579 ecosystem is helping to promote the swift creation and implementation of DApps, fostering a culture of innovation and cooperation among its members. ERC-7579 also promotes the development of blockchain technology by allowing developers to collaborate on a central database of modules. This further encourages a collaborative effort to improve the quality, security, and variety of available smart contract capabilities.

The influence of ERC-7579 on account abstraction technology is especially remarkable. By prioritizing the simplification of user interfaces and enhancing the security of blockchain transactions, ERC-7579 aims to make decentralized platforms more accessible to a broader audience. This approach could help to improve the ease of use of blockchain technologies and set the foundation for their widespread adoption.

To sum up, ERC-7579 is a major advancement in the progress of modular smart accounts and blockchain technology. With the creation of a module store, collaborative development initiatives, and improvements in account abstraction technology, ERC-7579 is set to greatly influence the direction of DApps, enhancing their accessibility, security, and effectiveness.

The final word

Moving beyond the foundation laid by ERC-6900, ERC-7579 streamlines the integration of modular functionalities, paving the way for developers to innovate within a less restrictive framework. This advancement improves the ability for modules created for a single smart account to work on multiple platforms, ultimately enhancing the user experience for DApps.

Its synergy with ERC-4337 underscores a commitment to advancing account abstraction, making sure that smart accounts aren't just more versatile and user-friendly. With the capabilities and impacts of ERC-7579, you can't help but wonder what applications and efficiencies this standard will unlock for the blockchain community.

This article may cover content on products that are not available in your region. It is provided for general informational purposes only, no responsibility or liability is accepted for any errors of fact or omission expressed herein. It represents the personal views of the author(s) and it does not represent the views of OKX. It is not intended to provide advice of any kind, including but not limited to: (i) investment advice or an investment recommendation; (ii) an offer or solicitation to buy, sell, or hold digital assets, or (iii) financial, accounting, legal, or tax advice. Digital asset holdings, including stablecoins and NFTs, involve a high degree of risk, can fluctuate greatly, and can even become worthless. You should carefully consider whether trading or holding digital assets is suitable for you in light of your financial condition. Please consult your legal/tax/investment professional for questions about your specific circumstances. OKX Web3 features, including OKX Web3 Wallet and OKX NFT Marketplace, are subject to separate terms of service at
© 2023 OKX. This article may be reproduced or distributed in its entirety, or excerpts of 100 words or less of this article may be used, provided such use is non-commercial. Any reproduction or distribution of the entire article must also prominently state:"This article is © 2023 OKX and is used with permission." Permitted excerpts must cite to the name of the article and include attribution, for example "Article Name, [author name if applicable], © 2023 OKX." No derivative works or other uses of this article are permitted.
Related articles
View more
View more